Šalčininkai district municipality

  Administrative centre – Šalčininkai
  Area – 1491 km² (15.3 % of the county’s area)
  Population – 37 552 (4.4 % of the county's population)
  Wards – Akmenynė, Baltoji Vokė, Butrimonys, Dainava, Dieveniškės,   Eišiškės, Gerviškės, Jašiūnai, Kalesninkai, Pabarė, Poškonys, Šalčininkai,   Turgeliai


Šalčininkai district municipality is located in the south-eastern part of the county, at the border with Belarus. The municipality includes the area of Dieveniškės, whose territory is surrounded by Belarus like a peninsula. A larger part of the district is covered by Šalčininkai Plateau which in the northwest merges into the Dainava Lowland. There are the Rūdninkai historical landscape, Navakonys geological, Merkys ichthyological reserves. The area is crossed by the Merkys River with a tributary the Šalčia and its tributary the Visinčia. There are 8 small lakes (Kernavas, Papis and others), ponds, several peat bogs. Soils are light loam, sand, lime and wash-off. The district is woody. There are mostly dry pinewoods, the largest forest – that of Rūdninkai. Agricultural land makes up 44.7 %, forests – 46.3 %, roads – 1.9 %, built-up area – 2.1 %, water bodies – 1.7 %, other land – 3.3 % of the municipality.

There are three towns – Eišiškės, Šalčininkai, Baltoji Vokė, and two townships – Dieveniškės and Jašiūnai. The centre of the district municipality – Šalčininkai, located at the Vilnius–Lida highway; first mentioned in 1311.

Food industry, forestry, agriculture are developed. Forests are rich in mushrooms and berries. The greatest value of the region – beauteous nature and warm people.

There is the Dieveniškės historical regional park – the one of a kind in Lithuania, whose purpose is to preserve the valuable ethnocultural heritage of the environs of Dieveniškės environs. The regional park is situated on the southern slope of the Ašmena Upland, formed from several spurs of chains of hills. The highest hill of the park and Šalčininkai region – 262.6 m above sea level. The northern and eastern parts of the park are crossed by the Gauja – a delicate, cold river, whose headwaters are near the village of Dainavėlė. However, one of the greatest values of the region is warm, hospitable local people, who have preserved and cherish the unique, distinct culture and customs. The purpose of the historical regional park is to preserve the valuable natural and cultural heritage objects: Poškonys and Žižmai ethnocultural, Dieveniškės urban complexes, the unique village of Rimašiai, Norviliškės monastery complex, Bėčionys castle mound, Dieveniškės, Skaivonys, Senieji Miežionys, Didžiuliai, Stakai, Poškonys tumuli, the stones of Mokas, Žižmai, Jankeliai, Gauja, Stakai landscape and Dieveniškės geomorphological complexes.

Better-known architectural monuments – Jašiūnai mansion (visited and inhabited by famous cultural and scientific figures of the 19th century – M. Balinskis, A. Sniadeckis, J. Sniadeckis, J. Slovackis, A. Mickevičius (A. Mickiewicz) and others), Tabariškės and Bruknynė mansions, the church of St Michael the Archangel in Tabariškės.


Useful links
Šalčininkai district municipality